Energy

Windward provides environmental science, permitting, and project management services to clients involved in the generation, transmission, distribution, and storage of electricity, renewable energies, natural gas, nuclear energy, and petroleum products.

Windward’s professionals have extensive experience conducting biological assessments, and preparing state and federal permits for hydroelectric, wind power, and other energy projects. We have particular expertise and capabilities with FERC re-licensing, including post-licensing amendments, state and federal endangered species acts, and NEPA permitting processes.

Municipal utilities, generators, and suppliers are modifying existing and developing new programs and facilities in response to increasing demands for renewable, nuclear, and LNG energies.

Our professionals have the technical and regulatory expertise to assist clients navigate the biological and regulatory requirements associated with developing, constructing, and modifying these facilities and programs.

Windward provides the following full range of technical, field, and project management services for energy related projects:

Biological Assessment

  • Designing, implementing, conducting, and managing investigative, baseline, and protocol-based surveys for special-status and other high profile species.
  • Impact analyses for special-status species and associated habitat.
  • Designing and negotiating mitigation programs and resolutions.
  • Aquatic and terrestrial biological studies in association with the FERC re-licensing process.
  • Biological monitoring and regulatory compliance training

Land Use and Natural Resources Permitting

  • Section 7 and Section 10 consultation under the federal Endangered Species Act
  • Consultation under state endangered species acts
  • Section 404 permitting under the federal Clean Water Act
  • Permitting under the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act
  • Managing and preparing NEPA, CEQA, and other state statutory environmental documents

Due Diligence

  • Phase I and II site investigations

Project Management


  • Clinton, NJ
  • York, ME
  • Sacramento, CA
  • Albany, NY